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地球上新发现的71个新物种猫眼天竺鲷眼睛似猫眼
2020-01-08 00:02   来源:  www.carrylines.com   评论:0 点击:

地球上新发现的71个新物种猫眼天竺鲷眼睛似猫眼新浪科技讯北京时间1月6日消息,据国外媒体报道,科学家对未

  新浪科技讯北京时间1月6日消息,据国外媒体报道,科学家对未知领域的探索揭示了一些令人兴奋的新发现,2019年美国加州科学院研究人员共发现71种动植物新物种。

According to foreign media reports, scientists'exploration of the unknown has revealed some exciting new discoveries, with researchers at the California Academy of Sciences discovering 71 new species of plants and animals in 2019.

  该物种名单包括:花卉、鱼、珊瑚、蜘蛛、海蛞蝓、蚂蚁和蜥蜴等,它们遍布三个大洋的海底深处、五个大洲的洞穴和森林。

The list of species includes: flowers, fish, corals, spiders, sea slugs, ants and lizards, among the three oceans deep under the sea, caves and forests on five continents.

  更多地了解这些有趣的新物种有助于更好地分析地球环境和生物群落,并进行有针对性的保护措施。尽管几十年以来我们一直在地球上最熟悉、最偏远的地区努力探索,但是生物科学家评估称,自然界超过90%的物种是人类所未知的。丰富多样的动物和植物使地球生命能够茁壮成长,所有生命系统的相互联系为我们应对气候危机提供集体抗逆力,每个新发现的物种都提醒我们,人类对于理解和保护地球珍贵生态系统方面发挥着关键作用。

learning more about these interesting new species helps to better analyze the earth ' s environment and biota and to undertake targeted conservation measures. Although we have been trying to explore the most familiar and remote areas of the planet for decades, biological scientists have assessed that more than 90% of the species in nature are unknown to humans. The rich diversity of animals and plants enables Earth's life to flourish, the interconnectedness of all living systems provides a collective resilience to the climate crisis, and every newly discovered species reminds us that humans play a key role in understanding and protecting the planet's precious ecosystems.

  在科幻电影《黑豹》中“瓦干达(Wakanda)”是一个神秘的国家,是超级英雄“黑豹”的家乡,目前科学家在水下260英尺深暗礁中发现一种鱼,它们像极了身披鲜艳紫色外衣的瓦干达勇士,因此被命名为“瓦干达鱼”。

\"Wakanda,\" a mysterious country in the sci-fi film\" Black Panther,\" is home to the superhero \"Black Panther, and scientists have found a fish in the 260-foot-deep reef that resembles a Wakanda warrior in a very bright purple coat, so it's called\" Wakanda Fish.\"

  这是一种新物种鱼类,它们生活在印度洋坦桑尼亚海域的“过渡带”暗礁,由于它们非常美丽,也被称为“仙女鱼”,其鳞片颜色较深,呈现深紫色。该发现负责人、澳大利亚悉尼大学鱼类学博士生Yi-KaiTea说:“当我们想到这些未被探索的非洲暗礁存在神秘鱼类时,就立即想到以瓦干达命名,这种来自印度洋的仙女鱼一直被认为是该大陆东部边缘的一个缺失物种。”

This is a new species of fish that lives on the \"transition zone\" reef in the Indian Ocean's Tanzanian sea, and because they are very beautiful, also known as \"fairy fish,\" its scales are darker and darker purple. Yi-KaiTea, head of the discovery and a doctoral student in fishology at the University of Sydney, Australia, said:\" When we think of the existence of mysterious fish on these unexplored African reefs, we immediately think of the name Wakanda, a fairy fish from the Indian Ocean that has long been considered a missing species on the eastern edge of the continent.

  2019年,加州科学院助理研究员亚伦·鲍尔(AaronBauer)发现15种斑纹壁虎、1种橙色蜥蜴、1种腰带条纹蜥蜴和3种小蜥蜴,它们大多数都是濒危灭绝的物种。这与它们生活在较小的地理区域有关,任何人类活动造成的环境破坏,例如:森林砍伐,对于它们都是致命打击。

In 2019, Aaron Bauer, an assistant researcher at the California Academy of Sciences, found 15 species of striped gecko, an orange lizard, a belt striped lizard and three small lizards, most of which were endangered species. This is related to the fact that they live in smaller geographical areas, and the environmental damage caused by any human activity, such as deforestation, is a fatal blow to them.

  及时发现这些物种,并确定它们数量是否面临威胁是至关重要的,例如:鲍尔在岛屿上发现一种小蜥蜴正在遭受入侵蚂蚁的生存威胁。

It's crucial to spot the species in time and determine whether their numbers are under threat, such as: Bauer discovers on the island that a small lizard is being threatened by invading ants.

  鲍尔说:“如果我们不探索偏远栖息环境,例如:山脉顶部,我们将错过许多生物多样性生物环境,在我的职业生涯中,现已发现205种爬行动物。”

\"If we don't explore remote habitats, such as: mountain tops, we're going to miss a lot of biodiversity bioenvironments, and 205 reptiles have been found in my career,\" Ball said.

  海蛞蝓是自然界的伪装大师,研究人员最新发现一种新物种Madrellaamphora,实际上类似于海蛞蝓所在环境的海螺卵,无脊椎动物学会负责人特里·戈斯利纳(TerryGosliner)说:“近期我们通过遗传学证实,海蛞蝓会模仿其他物种颜色,但很少看到它们模仿其他动物。”

Sea slugs are nature's master of disguise, and researchers have recently discovered a new species, Madrella amphora, which actually resembles conch eggs in the environment where sea slugs are located, said Terry Gosliner, head of the Invertebrate Society.

  美丽的花朵有许多鲜为人知的事实,它们可以相互交流通讯、抱怨干旱,今年研究人员发现一种罕见的开花植物,它们竟然会移动,引起了研究人员的注意。

Beautiful flowers have a lot of little-known facts, they can communicate with each other, complain about drought, this year researchers found a rare flowering plant, they should move, attracted the attention of researchers.

  这种会移动的植物被命名为Trembleyaaltoparaisensis,它长着白色花朵,最初是100多年前由著名植物学家奥古斯特·弗朗索瓦·玛丽·格雷齐奥(AugusteFrancoisMarieGlaziou)记录,但近代科学家多年来一直未发现它的存在,博士生里卡多·帕西菲科(RicardoPacifico)说:“人们不会认为植物会移动,但事实上它们会像动物一样移动,因为随着环境变迁,植物必须满足自己的生活需求,因此会迁移。”

The moving plant, named Trembleya al toparaisensis, has white flowers that were originally recorded more than 100 years ago by the celebrated botanist August Francois Marie Glaziou, but modern scientists have not discovered its existence for years, said doctoral student Ricardo Pacifico:\" People don't think plants move, but in fact they move like animals, because as the environment changes, plants have to meet their own needs for life, so they move.\"

  他们发现该植物生长在巴西国家公园ChapadadosVeadeiros峡谷,今年研究人员共发现8个开花植物新物种,其中包括马达加斯加国家公园的一种新植物。

They found the plant growing in Brazil's national park, Chapadados Veadeiros Canyon, and this year researchers found eight new species of flowering plants, including one in Madagascar's national park.

  深海远程探测车能够帮助研究人员探索珊瑚,目前,美国国家海洋和大气管理局一次深海考察中发现一种美丽的黄色珊瑚,它被命名为Chromoplexuracordellbankensis,位于加州海域。

The deep-sea remote detection vehicle was able to help researchers explore coral, and a beautiful yellow coral was found in a deep-sea expedition by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, known as Chromoplexura cordellbankensis, in California waters.

  加州科学院无脊椎动物馆馆长加里·威廉姆斯(GaryWilliams)说:“我们知道海洋的潮间带,但在深海区域是很难发现的,这里可能隐藏着一些未知物种,今年我们在距离旧金山海岸96公里处的CordellBank海洋保护区发现两个新物种珊瑚。”

\"We know the intertidal zone of the ocean, but it's hard to find it in the deep sea area, where there may be some unknown species hidden, and this year we found two new species of coral in the Cordell Bank marine sanctuary,96km off the coast of San Francisco,\" said Gary Williams, curator of the California Academy of Sciences.

  今年研究人员发现5个蜘蛛新物种,其中是生活在蚁丘的蜘蛛物种,它们之所以生活在蚁丘的原因尚不清楚,研究人员在墨西哥奇瓦瓦沙漠中发现这种蚂蚁,它们环绕着一个崩溃蚁巢,通常它们和蚂蚁都栖息在沙漠地下环境。加州科学院昆虫学馆长助理达雷尔·尤比克(DarrellUbick)说:“要想知道它们在做什么,唯一的方法是将它们挖掘出来,但这样做破坏了它们的栖息环境。”

This year researchers found five new species of spiders, including those that live in anthill, which are unknown why they live in anthill, which researchers found in Mexico's Chihuahuan Desert surrounded by a nest of collapsed ants, usually both of them in desert underground environments. \"The only way to find out what they're doing is to dig them out, but doing so destroys their habitat,\" said Darrell Ubick, assistant curator of entomology at the California Academy of Sciences.

  同时,他们还发现了盲蜘蛛新物种,它是一种与蜘蛛有亲缘关系的近亲物种,盲蜘蛛生活在洞穴中,能够适应黑暗环境。它们生活在克罗地亚境内,通过该研究将有助于我们分析动物的不同适应性如何实现物种进化。

At the same time, they have discovered a new species of the blind spider, a close relative of the spider, which lives in caves and is able to adapt to the dark environment. They live in Croatia and through this research will help us to analyze how different adaptations of animals have evolved.

  鳐鱼生活在福克兰群岛海底2000英尺深处,但是人们往往忽视鳐鱼的存在,经常将捕获的鳐鱼切块出售,事实上一些鱼市可能出现某些新物种,最新发现的一种鳐鱼就出现在鱼市上出售,它被命名为Dipturuslamillai。

The rays live 2,000 feet deep under the Falkland Islands, but people tend to ignore the existence of the rays, often cutting into pieces of the catched rays for sale. In fact, some new species may appear in some fish markets.

  这项发现可能有助于保护鱼类物种,让人们意识到过度捕捞的危害性,部分鱼类新物种可能未被完全发现之前就因过度捕捞而濒危灭绝。(叶倾城)

The findings could help protect fish species and make people aware of the dangers of overfishing, which may endanger some new species before they are fully discovered. (Ye Tingcheng)


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